Origin and brief history
The precise origins of the Dalmatian are unknown, but the breed certainly has a long and well-documented history. Pictorial representations of the breed have been discovered in the tombs of Ancient Egypt. More recently the history of the Dominican Friars is steeped with imagery and symbols depicting a black and white spotted dog, particularly during the time of the Spanish Inquisition. The Dalmatian is the only recognized spotted breed of dog, and is also famous as a coaching dog, having the greatest affinity for horses of all dog breeds. The breed was first recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888.
Dalmatians have energy and stamina in spades and need regular exercise. They are dedicated, friendly and full of fun. Without adequate stimulating exercise, they can become highly strung and develop mental instability which can result in their becoming unsuitable for families with young children. With strong training and leadership during the formative years, upon passing the puppy stage Dalmatians make wonderful companions. It is important for the owner of a Dalmatian to assert control and always act as a leader; else the dog might become willful and difficult to control.
Dalmatians do not need regular bathing but they do shed fur all year round. Regular brushing is important to manage this process. Twice yearly they shed more profusely. They are quite clean dogs and do not have much of an odor.
Specifications of the breed
The male Dalmatian typically grows to around 20-22 inches (50-60cm) tall, with the female slightly shorter at 18-20 inches (50-55cm). A Dalmatian tends to be well-proportioned, with the length of the body being more or less equal to the height. They are usually around 55lbs (25kg) in weight when fully grown. A Dalmatian’s life expectancy is between 10 and 12 years.
Although the Dalmatian is generally a healthy breed, there are a few problems more common in this type of dog. Almost 10% of Dalmatians are born deaf, and close to 25% are deaf in one ear. Deafness in one ear, or unilateral deafness, often passes unnoticed by owners and these dogs tend to lead happy, normal lives. However, the AKC recommends only breeding from dogs with full hearing. Dalmatians also have an increased propensity to develop bladder stones, although these can be avoided by allowing your dog to urinate as necessary and by keeping him adequately hydrated. Dalmatians can suffer from seasonal allergies, often manifesting as skin problems. Aside from health problems, the biggest potential
image credit wikipedia.org