Origin and brief history
The Newfoundland dog is one of the best known breeds of dog worldwide and has a long and distinguished history due to their water rescues and lifesaving efforts. Originally bred in Newfoundland Canada in the 16th century they were the working dogs of the water and were used by fishermen to haul nets and ( due to their great size) to move carts and other heavy items around. As they are very at home on the water they were soon recognized for rescuing people at sea and were often used for that purpose. Over the last 300 years the breed has become very popular and beloved partly due to the number of books and movies that depicted the animals saving people again and again.
The Newfoundland is very calm and docile and so is very easy to train. They tolerate children and love to play (due to their size they can sometimes knock people over doing this). They have a love of water and mud and will jump in both the first chance they get. They don’t often bark and don’t cause destructive behavior unlike other large breeds.
The Newfoundland have a seasonal undercoat which will shed in the fall and early spring, a lot! They need brushing once a week just to control the shed with most people brushing them daily during the heaviest shed months. They should be groomed with a wire brush to make sure the soft undercoat is reached and use long strokes the entire length of the dogs body to ensure the full coat is brushed. Unlike other large dogs it is recommended to only wash the dogs coat when needed as the top coat is waterproof and by washing too often the waterproof oils may be removed. Pay attention to the hair around the ears and feet and trim this often to prevent bacteria buildup between the toes and in the ear canal.
Specification of breed
These are very large animals with the heaviest dog recorded as weighing 260 pounds and nearly 6 foot long! On average the males weigh about 140 pounds and the females 120 pounds with both sexes reaching about 28 inches tall. The most distinctive thing about this breed is the fact they have webbed feet and a waxy waterproof topcoat to assist with the swimming.
As large dogs they need a large environment to live in and can accidently knock people and things over when excited. Due to their size they tend to develop elbow and hip dysplasia in later life and live to around 12 years old. Although they are easy to train be careful around water and mud as they sometimes cant help but jump in and roll around.
image credit wikipedia.org