Origin & Brief History
Dachshund is known to have originated from Germany. Their name is German where dachs stands for rabbits or badgers and hund stands for hound or dog. There were mentions about dachshund description dogs in ancient Egyptian writings but their recent origins are traced to Germany. The word hound was popular in England as well alongside hund of Germany but origins of dachshund are not traced back to England. In historical narratives these dogs have been largely depicted as sniffers, scenting, chasing and flushing out badgers and other burrow inhabiting animals. They are thus used for hunting and chasing.
The dachshund is a pygmy amongst dog breeds due to its short-legs and it flattens out like a sausage due to its elongated long body. It is a very active and playful breed of dogs and is loved globally as a pet.
Dachshund is known to be very energetic and lively breed of dog. They can run long distances in chase without much fatigue. When called upon to play they can be extremely friendly and turn absolutely playful,-this is the main reason that children love them as playing pets. They recognize owners and known persons (family etc.) and exhibit signs of being faithful and are thus pretty devoted. Dogs are generally known to exhibit an above average intelligence among animals; though only a few of them can be called clever but a dachshund can be called clever because it is known to recognize its interest and of those on whom it is dependent as a pet or kept. Dachshund can be very stubborn too in that they may refuse to leave a clutched item if they have a mind against its release. Similarly, they may refuse to obey certain commands if they feel like it. Most importantly this breed of dogs is very bold and courageous and attacks target with full abandon.
Dachshund dogs have delicate body structures. Their long body types make them susceptible to backbone strains and complications. This is worsened by the fact that they have limited volume rib cages so most body pressure falls on the long spinal cord. Obesity of these animals may complicate incidence of spinal inflictions all the more. In order to check obesity grooming may be needed in terms of regular exercise and activity filled daily routines. The furs of these dogs may also need regular washes and deworming to retain their shines and luster. Eyesight and hearing abilities are also risk factors with dachshund. Veterinarian support may be frequently needed as part of grooming and upkeep.
Specification of breed
A usual dachshund is seen as a well-muscled dog that stands on short legs and has a long barrel like body. It has paws that have extraordinary abilities to dig holes in pursuit of catch. They have stretched flexible skins that help them get inside deep burrows without tearing skin. On basis of skin type dachshund are long haired, short haired and wire-haired. On the basis of overall size they are standard, miniature or kaninchen (which is almost rabbit sized). Dachshunds have strong and well dug in chests that help them with stamina when chasing. These dogs are called badger catchers on account of this stamina. They are also used as sniffer dogs as their long nasal snouts help them do that very effectively. Life span of a typical dachshund is 15 to 18 years and an adult can weigh from a mere 15lbs to 33 lbs. These dogs come in a variety of colors like Black & Tan, Blue, Cream, Tan, Black, Chocolate, Chocolate & Cream, Red etc.
While dachshund can be very playful and trustful; their courage factor can lead to aggression which may harm children now and then. These should be made pets of children under close supervision. Their coats may need frequent cleaning & deworming to maintain shine and luster. Similarly hair trimming may also be needed every now and then. Double dapples may have genetic hearing and sight losses in varying degrees. While dachshunds are having huge risk of developing spinal cord issues they may also have a congenital incidence of heart defect which may make them inactive.
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