The Norwich Terrier
Origin and Brief History:
Emerging from a long line of rat terriers, the Norwich Terrier’s origins can be traced back to late 19th century England in an area called East Anglia. The offspring of a Cantab Terrier and a brindle colored mixed breed female, these ‘Trumpington Terrier’ puppies, as they were then known, sired the very first Norwich Terrier. However, this is not the name by which they were always known. For a brief period in their history they were known as Jones Terriers, named after the breeder responsible for their development and introduction into the United States as a hunting dog. It wasn’t until 1932, many years later, that the breed was recognized as the Norwich Terrier by the Kennel Club in England. Further categorization of the breed occurred three decades later, when the drop ear variety was granted its very own status as an official breed, the Norfolk Terrier. Following this decision, the American Kennel Club, the United Kennel Club and the Canadian Kennel Club all decided to adopt the same policy; and since 1964 have included the two terriers in their list of breeds.
Norwich Terrier s are an energetic, curious and affectionate breed, with a larger than life personality non reflective of their size. Recognized for their obedience and loyalty, the Norwich Terriers are ideal for families with small children, due to their warm, loving, and protective nature. Suited for both urban and rural living, it is important that they experience frequent exercise to help keep any restless behavior at bay. Norwich Terriers are a sociable breed that generally interacts well with other pets.
Given the breed’s tough, wiry coat, it is important that they are regularly groomed. This includes frequent brushing and occasional stripping to help prevent the mess of shedding. Stripping is the method of removing the dead hair beneath the topcoat, and even though this can be done by hand at home, many owners of the breed prefer to use the services of a professional groomer instead. Overall the short, medium length coat of the Norwich Terrier is relatively easy to care for and for the most part, takes care of itself requiring minimal maintenance.
Small but stocky and with an average height of 9 – 10 inches at the withers and weighing in at about 11 – 12 lbs., it’s not surprising that the Norwich Terrier is one of the smallest of its variety. Easily distinguished from their close cousin the Norfolk Terrier by their prick ears, these spirited little dogs have tough, wiry, seemingly weatherproof coats that cover a softer, usually fluffier undercoat. Typical colors include black and tan, tan, grizzle, red, and wheaten.
Norwich Terriers are very active dogs and therefore require an owner or an environment that caters to their need for physical stimulation. If not regularly exercised, this breed becomes extremely restless, which often results in undesirable behavior. The breed is at its happiest and most responsive when managed with a good, healthy, and structured routine. An undisciplined dog however, is an unhappy one.
The Norwich Terrier is a rare breed, which makes it an expensive breed. Like any other significant purchase, it’s is important that do your due diligence and only work with reputable breeders. Additionally, their terrier nature can be challenging around smaller pets (rats, hamsters, rabbits) that share the same environment.
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