Origin and Brief History

The Papillion is one of the oldest and unique breed of dog. They have been known for a little over 700 years. They originated from Europe. Due to its ears it’s often nicknamed the Dwarf spaniel. Much of the Papillion’s development has been captured in artwork for the Renaissance period. They were often depicted sitting on in the artwork. The Papillion is also know the Continental Toy Spaniel or the Toy Spaniel.


The Papillion is a very intelligent breed of dog. It loves to play and amuse its owners. Papillion’s tend not to bark. But, an untrained dog will bark and nip at people ankles.. But, given the right amount of exercise each day, this should not be a problem. With the right amount of exercise each day, they are patient and gentle with its owners. They can be socialized with other animal such as cats. Papillion’s are so intelligent they can be easily trained to perform small tricks. They are your typical happy-go-lucky small dog.



A Papillion’s owner must brush its long coat on a daily basis to prevent matting. Their coat tend to matt so, this is an important for any Papillion owner. A Papillion’s teeth must also be brushed daily to offset a buildup of tartar. The nails of a Papillion must be kept short. They must also be bathed regularly. A Papillion’s coat sheds regularly so, the breed is not for allergy sufferers. Since the Papillion sheds more dander than most other breeds of dog.


Specifications of the Breed

A Papillion male usually only reaches 8-11” in height. That’s the same height as most females Papillion’s. They both weight an average of 9 lbs. With males being about 1 lb. heavier than most females. Females only have litters of 1-4 puppies at a time. The average lifespan for a Papillion is 15 years.


Buyer Beware

Papillion’s need to be take on long walks daily. If they don’t get this requirement amount of exercise, behavior problems start to set in. They are prone to problems with their kneecaps, which sometimes requires surgery. Also, the soft part of the skull may fuse during development into adulthood. The only solution to this problem is just to be extra careful with the affected Papillion. Owners must also be careful not to induce Small Dog Syndrome into their Papillion. This occurs when the Papillion reverses the roles between owner and dog. Small children must be trained not to overstimulate this breed of dog. Papillion’s are very difficult to housetrain.



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