Origin and Brief History:
Pomeranians are considered lapdogs today, but not long ago they were a medium-sized sheep herding breed. The Alaskan Malamute, the Samoyed and the Siberian Husky are some of the surprising relatives to the Pomeranian. The traditional standard for this breed was thick, white fur and a weight of about 30 pounds, until Queen Victoria acquired a small, red Pomeranian and fell in love. In the late 1800s, Queen Victoria established her own breeding kennel and began to breed down the Pomeranian until she created her perfect lapdog.
Pomeranians are known for being very friendly and lively. They quickly bond with their families and love getting attention from them. They make wonderful companions for the elderly and families with older children. Families with younger children are not ideal because the tiny Pomeranian can easily be hurt if dropped. More importantly, rough handling by young children can cause the docile Pomeranian to become high-strung. These dogs are more than happy to curl up beside their owner on the couch but they still require daily exercise. Training comes so easily to this intelligent breed that they were once used as circus performers. Their abilities really shine through when participating in dog sports such as agility, flyball, or obedience trials.
Grooming Pomeranians is simple, but time consuming. Much like their sled dog relatives, Pomeranians have a thick, double coat that needs to be brushed daily. This breed sheds constantly but daily brushing will cut back on the amount of fur in the home. Special attention should be given to getting all the knots out of the undercoat. To achieve the puff-ball look that makes the breed so recognizable, owners will have to brush the coarse outer coat forward and trim the extra fur with scissors.
Specification of Breed:
This tiny breed has an average height of seven to twelve inches. The normal weight for Pomeranians is three to seven pounds. However, if an owner plans to enter their dog in shows, the ideal weight is four to six pounds. Pomeranians are a breed with a very high variety of coat colors. They can be found with coats of white, red, brown, black, sable, brindle and many more.
Pomeranians can be very stubborn and need firm training from a young age. They are well known for being territorial and barking at anything that comes near. If this behavior is not corrected through training, the barking can become excessive. Pomeranians can also fall victim to Small Dog Syndrome. This means the Pomeranian sees itself as the pack leader instead of its owner. This can result in aggressive behavior like snapping or biting. Medical problems potential owners should be aware of are weak teeth that often fall out and knee caps that slip. Owners should give their dog dry dog food to keep the teeth and gums strong as well as watch for any signs of limping.
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